eYc hot wire type air velocity series product principle application

eYc Hot-wire anemometer (Air flow transmitter series) product principle and application

Principle of Hot-wire anemometer

The basic principle of hot-wire anemometer is a thin metal wire line in a fluid, through the current heating wire (hot wire), make its temperature is higher than the temperature of the fluid, when the fluid flows through the wire along vertical direction, will take away part of the wire  heat are introduced to make wire temperature drop.

The heats dissipating capacity is related to velocity, hot wire temperature change caused by the resistance resulting from heat dissipating capacity of the velocity signal into electrical signal, a typical hot-wire anemometer principle as shown:

安装示意图校正

Flow or wind speed is a very important sensing project in many production equipment or systems such as agriculture, industry and people's livelihood. The hot-wire anemometer has been widely used in various industries, for example,

 (1) automobile industry, it is used to detect the amount of air entering the engine and provide accurate fuel injection quantity for automobile engine. In order to get a more accurate oil-gas ratio, the injection quantity of oil and gas should be controlled to give full play to the efficiency of the engine. At the same time, it can reduce the pollution to the environment and save fuel.

(2) proportional control of boiler air input to coal in power plant.

(3) optimal control of indoor air quality and ventilation energy saving. (4) check the flow rate of combustible gases such as natural gas, liquefied gas and coal gas in people's livelihood and industrial sites. (5) in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases, the respiratory function meter provides the medical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases by measuring the static and dynamic pulmonary function parameters of the subjects, such as mid-term and peak respiratory velocity and respiratory capacity.

The Hot-wire flowmeter can also be used to measure gas velocity or anemometer; Hot-wire anemometers are classified into CVA (Constant Voltage Anemometer), CCA (Constant current anemometer) and CTA (constant temperature anemometer).

Hot-wire anemometers are most suitable for accurate measurements of very low flow rates (for example, below 2000 Ft/min). Some models are designed to measure flow rates up to 15000 ft/min, but for very low speeds they still have very accurate measurement capabilities.

For example, FTM09, FTM06, FTM8X and FTM3X, the core products of eYc hot-wire flowmeter, are designed based on different principles. The voltage output of these anemometers is the result of certain circuits in the equipment to keep certain variables (current, power supply or temperature) constant.

In addition, FTM09 can send repeated current pulses, which raise the resistance of the wire to a specific value, then cut off the pulse, and then send the pulse again when the resistance falls to the "lower limit" threshold, and finally deduce the flow rate through the duration of repeated pulses.

In view of the nonlinear characteristics of the hot-wire anemometer sensor, the signal is converted from the characteristic curve of the sensor after temperature zero compensation, and the signal can be output linearity. By recording wind speed, sensor voltage, fluid temperature, and pressure, the sensor voltage varying with wind speed and temperature can be corrected. Therefore, it also has additional functions such as temperature measurement and data recording.

When the sensor works at a constant temperature, the thermal equilibrium equation of the King's law is:

e²=a'+b' vn

In the above equation: e is sensor voltage output (V) a' is the zero output of thermostatic hot-wire anemometer, which can be eliminated by circuitb' is the sensitivity of the sensor, which is related to the operating temperaturev is the velocity of the fluidn is usually 0.45 ~ 0.5, and the characteristic curve of the thermostatic hot-wire anemometer can be drawn by the formula, as shown in the figure.

曲线图

Constant temperature hot-wire anemometer curve characteristicr

eYc hot-wire anemometer (Air flow transmitter) series features as the following low pressure loss, large flow range, high accuracy, high repeatability, high reliability, good linearity and sensitivity, easy maintenance and not easy to damage.

管道安装 

eYc FTM series flowmeter

Application

The chemical industry

Ammonia gas measurement in chemical fertilizer plant;Various gas flow measurement in battery factory;Gas flow measurement in sampling system;Gas flow measurement of induced draft fan;Smoke cycle monitoring

Metallurgical industry

Measurement and control of heating furnace gas (blast furnace gas, coking gas, natural gas, etc.) in rolling mills;Control of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and other gases in heat treatment quenching furnace;Gas metering in steel works;Measurement of coke oven gas in coking and iron works

The power industry

Hydrogen measurement;Measurement of primary and secondary air in blast furnace of power plant;Gas measurement during gas distribution in fuel system;Measurement of various gases in boilers and auxiliary systems;Measurement of gas in a gas furnace

Environmental protection

Measurement of the aeration tank in the process of sewage treatment;Monitoring the discharge of SO2 and NOX;Gas measurement in biogas utilization process;Measurement of chlorine gas during chlorine treatment

Food and drug industry

Carbon dioxide treatment in breweries;Measurement of gas flow during thermal oxidation;Ventilation system;The addition of fresh air during processing;Boiler intake, exhaust gas, process control

Pulp and paper industry

Measurement of gas and air supply for boilers;Measurement of gases in wastewater treatment systems;Flue flow monitoring;Boiler recovery secondary/tertiary air

Oil and gas industry

Energy exchange;Natural gas measurement;Torch gas monitoring;Well filling gas recovery;Fuel gas metering;Gas mass analysis;Leakage gas test

Other

Pipeline and industrial process;Factory compressed air measurement;Coal combustion process powder/gas ratio control fuel;Control of hot air discharge from vertical mill in cement industry

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eYc FTM09 Thermal mass gas meter   Contact us for this product

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Part of the content quote from the Institute of Automation and Control Program, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology and YUDEN-TECH CO., LTD.  cooperation document - Hot-wire anemometer sensor automatic linear correction system.